首页 > 初中 > 初三 > 初三英语

英语初三下册短语和语法

时间:2019-12-02

Unit 1by airplane 乘飞机departure lounge候机厅time difference 时差be full of充满, 充满 ......的(表状态)be filled with用......充满(表动作)have to 必须,不得不in the UK 在英国because of 因为(后接名词或名词短语)because 因为(后接从句)Spring Festival 春节fly to=go to… by plane/on a plane 飞往take a /the boat to… 坐船去……have quite a good/great/nice/wonderful/pleased time 玩得很高兴have a very good/great/nice/wonderful/pleased time 玩得很高兴同义词:have fun=enjoy oneselfgo sightseeing去观光类似:go skating 去滑冰 go swimming 去游泳 go shopping 购物take a tour 旅行by coach乘客车the Summer Palace 颐和园go for a long walk去散步had better do 做---at the end of 在……末/尽头(后接时间)by the end of 到……为止(后既可接时间又可接地点)plenty of 大量the school leavers’party 毕业联欢会take place 发生look forward to 盼望,期待Unit 2with tears in one’s eyes 眼里含着泪水dream about 梦见in front of 在---前面(外部)in the front of 在---前面(内部)set off 出发,动身类似:set out 出发,动身 set about 开始,着手 set down 放下,写下 set free 解放,释放set up 开办,创办,设立 set to 毅然开始 set on 突然攻击,袭击forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事be unable to do 不能做---at the start of 在---的开端hold sb in one’s arm 抱住某人push sb away推开write to sb. 写信给某人as soon as 一---就---jump onto 跳到---上push past sb 挤过a pair of 一双/对/副 表示的是成对的东西,是指两个不分开使用的东西。a couple of一双/对,几个,若干 表示任何两件同类的东西。look out of 向/朝……外看类似:look for 寻找 look after 照顾 look forward to 盼望,期待 look up 查找,向上看look at 看…… look like 看起来像 look out 当心,小心 look around 环顾,四处看look over 仔细检查with a nervous smile 带着紧张的微笑with interest 饶有兴趣地in a stronger voice 用更强硬的语气说a ticket with that number 有这号码的票look at sb. for help 用眼神向某人求助in a loud voice 大声说get off 下车 反义词:get on 上车与off有关的词:turn off 关闭 take off 起飞,脱下 put off 推迟与get有关的词:get up 起床 get over 克服 get on /along with 与/和……和睦相处get away 走/离开 get back 返回 get to 到达 get together 相聚,聚会be far away 遥远,很远far away from 离……很遥远even if / though 尽管,即使drop sth on the floor 把---扔在地板上shout at 朝/向……大喊more than 超过,多于in the end 最后,终于give up 放弃 give in 屈服,让步Unit 3be responsible forbe bad for=do harm to 对……有害too...to... 太……而不能……the number of ……的数量句子(Sentences):1…He’s staying with his family in the UK….2….better get back to work….3…but there are plenty of fun things to do this term…4. With tears in his eyes, Jim pushed Lin away.5. He pushed past them towards his seat.语法(Grammar):冠词、名词和数词的用法Module 2 Education短语(Phrases):Unit 1swimming pool 游泳池worry about 担心anything interesting 有趣的事be like 象……一样(内在品质)look like 看起来像(外貌)have a look 看一看as big as 和---一样大/ not as (so ) +原级+as 不如----a few 几个a hall for concerts 音乐大厅both (of) / both ---and ---两者都---neither (of ) / neither --- nor ---两者都不;既不----也不---none of (三个或以上)都不prefer sth / sb / to do / doing sth 更喜欢某事/某人/做某事prefer sb to do sth 宁愿某人做某事prefer (doing ) sth to (doing ) sth 比起(做)----更喜欢(做)----prefer to do rather than do 宁愿做---而不愿做---be even better than ---at sth 比---更擅长---get top grades 得高分somewhere else 别的地方be surprised at对---感到惊讶the number of ---的数目a number of 一些,许多Unit 2a secondary school 中学a primary school 小学be present 出席be absent 缺席the main hall 大厅make a speech 做演讲tell sb. about sth. 告诉某人关于某事last for 持续have a break/rest 休息stand for 代表Personal Health and Safety Education 个人健康和安全教育have (take ) exams in ---subject某学科考试among other things 还有其它事as well as 除了---还有---instead of 代替physical exercise身体锻炼be lucky to do sth. 很幸运做某事take/have exams 参加考试in one’s final year 在某人的最后一年do athletics 做田径运动after school activities 课后活动such as 例如language society 语言社团a parents’ meeting 家长会talk about谈论the best/worst thing /坏的事Unit 3expect to do sth. 期待做某事either … or … 要么……要么……,不是……就是……both …and … ……和……两个都……neither (of ) / neither --- nor ---两者都不;既不----也不---do well in 在---方面干得好in the end 最后,终于none of (三个或以上)都不ask for one’s advice 征求某人的建议, 向某人寻求忠告on one’s own 单独,独自at the beginning of 在……开始的时候a fifteen-minute break 一次15分钟的休息in addition 另外,加之in addition to除了---之外, 又---at least 至少in stead of 代替,而不是so that 以便,为的是句子(Sentences):1. It was great to see her again .很高兴再次见到她.2. Did you do anything interesting while you were there?3. It isn’t as big as ours.4. And neither school has anything the other hasn’t got.5. We spend the first 10 minutes in our classroom while our teacher checks which pupils are present or absent.6. We have a break at 11:05 until 11:20, then another lesson…7. We have a large sports ground where we play football, tennis and do athletics both during and after school hours.8. There are three one-hour lessons with a fifteen-minute break.9. In many areas, home-schooling families get together so that their children can socialize with others.语法(Grammar):代词的用法Module 3 Now and then短语(Phrases):Unit 1do a composition 写一篇作文the most important difference 最重要的不同in the past 在过去know more about 了解更多be better at preventing illness更善于预防疾病be better at 更善于prevent sb./sth. from doing sth. 阻止……做某事类似:keep/stop sb./sth. from doing sth. 阻止……做某事take as much exercise as 像---做一样多的运动as…as 和……一样make more pollution 制造更多污染make life more dangerous 使生活更危险work hard 努力学习/工作too much free/spare time太多空闲too much 太多 much too 太do/ try one’s best to do 尽力做某事类似:do with 处理,处置 do wrong 做坏事,犯罪 do sb. a favor 帮某人一个忙do one’s homework 做作业talk/speak of 谈论,提到be more relaxed 更放松Unit 2life in Beijing北京的生活the role of woman妇女的角色all one’s life 某人一生change a lot 变化很大most of ---中的大部分go out to work出去工作12 hours a day 每天12个小时look after=take care of 照顾,照料a full-time job 全职工作married women 已婚妇女the whole of his working life 他的整个工作生涯the whole ---/ all the ---整个---, 全部----work life 工作生涯three times a day 一天三次ready-made food 熟食,现做的食物grow up 成长,长大help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事fall off 跌落,从……掉下来类似:fall behind 落后,掉队 fall asleep 睡着 fall in love with 爱上 fall back 后退 fall down 滑倒,倒下 fall over 向前摔倒,跌倒 fall into 跌入,落入pick up 拾起,捡起get / be married (to) sb 和某人结婚marry sb. 嫁给某人at work 在工作no longer 不再too ---to ---太---以至不能enough to do 足够---做---for example例如on the other hand另一方面Unit 3stay healthier 保持更健康have a good diet 有好的饮食play sports做运动lead a… life 过……的生活be interested in对……感兴趣hear about听说grow up成长,长大(many ) thousands of 成千上万Half the population of ……的一半人口be close to 靠近each other彼此,互相in the streets在街上as a result结果be pleased to see sb.----很高兴见到某人raise money 筹集资金care for照顾/看句子(Sentences):1. What was life like in the past? 过去的生活怎样?2. Nearly finished! 快完成啦!3. Is life today better or worse than it was 50 years ago?4. The most important difference is that people are healthier …5. I suppose that’s because public transport is much better today.6. She’s seen how life has changed.7. These days people change their jods much more often.8. And I walk less these days and take the bus more.9. One day I’ll be talking to your own grandchildren!语法(Grammar):形容词和副词Module 4 The way we look短语(Phrases):Unit 1the way we look 我们穿着打扮的方式suggest sth / doing sth / +从句: 建议---need sth / to do / doing sth 需要refuse sth / to do sth 拒绝borrow sth. from sb. 向某人借某物(借进)lend sth. to sb. 借某物给某人(借出)plan to do sth. 计划做某事have on 穿着,戴着in red 穿红色的……put on 穿上/ take off 脱掉be dressed in 穿……衣服try on试穿look forward to 盼望,期待turn left 向左转on the right 在右边be sure of sth相信/确信某事be sure to do sth / that +从句:一定/务必做某事decide to do / wh- to do 决定--shop assistant 店员have/take a look (at) 看一看change one’s mind 改变某人的主意Unit 2designer clothes 品牌服装花钱/时间做某事:sb spend some money / time on sth / (in) doing sthsb. pay some money for sthIt takes sb .some time to do sthsth costs sb some moneysth be worth some money / doing sth 价值/ 值得做--look different 看起来与众不同be different from 与---不同be the same as 和---一样go for 追求,竞争, 喜欢catch one’s attention 吸引某人的注意力pay attention to 注意spend … on …在……上花费……personal look 个人的外形,外貌特征best-known 最的all over the world 全世界the number of ---的数目/量in fact 事实上prefer (doing ) sth to (doing ) sth 比起……更喜欢……,喜欢……甚于……care about 关心,讲究, 在意look the same 看起来一样make money 挣钱above all首先,尤其是,特别是,最重要的是show off 炫耀,卖弄,显示类似:show around 带领某人参观 show out 领某人出去 on show 展览/出show up 出席/现,到达put on 穿上,上演类似:put off 推迟 put away 把---收好 put out 灭火succeed in doing sth 成功做某事fail to do 做不成某事Unit 3on websites 在网站上mobile phone移动电话pop stars流行明星so that 以便,为了so ---that ---如此---以至---such ---that ---如此---以至----in order to 为了not ---any more / longer不再 no more / longer 不再try to do sth. 尽力做某事get sb to do sth 让某人做某事keep away from 使远离,避开do with 处置,处理,对待be popular with 受到欢迎或喜爱fashion designers 服装设计师句子(Sentences):1. But the number of these big name companies is in fact very small…2. … the clothes they make are more expensive than the clothes made by less well-known companies.3. Most people dress in a way that shows off their personality.4. Let’s see if they have one in blue.5. It’s that girl with long hair over there.6. I think we’re going to be here for some time.7. The latest way to advertise is not to advertise.语法(Grammar):介词Module 5 Rules and suggestions短语(Phrases):Unit 1be worried about = worry about 担心listen up 认真听, 注意听enjoy oneself 玩得高兴,过得愉快keep to the path 沿着小路走keep to 沿着…走; 遵守, 待在(某处)类似:keep back 阻止 keep in touch with 与……保持联系 keep off 勿踏,不接近keep on doing sth. 继续做某事 keep one’s promise 遵守诺言 keep…out of 使……不得进入walk along the edge 沿着边缘走walk along 沿着……走fall and hurt yourself 摔下去伤了自己hurt oneself 伤了自己keep together 呆在一起go off 离开/去on one’s own 独自, 独自get/be lost 迷路了have something to eat 有些吃的东西an hour ago 一个小时前at noon 在中午go rock climbing 去攀岩think about 思考,考虑类似:think of 考虑,想出,关心 think over 仔细考虑personal safety 个人安全go down this path 沿着这条小路走下去go down 沿着, 向…尽头, 到市中心去cross the stream 越过小溪climb up to the top of the mountain 爬到山顶take a look 看一看come on 快点,开始,过来,有进步,得啦!算了吧!加油!lead the way 引路Unit 2watch out 当心,小心the three of us 我们三个人(总体只有三个人)three of us我们中的三位(总体不止三个人)fall asleep 入睡,睡着(表状态)类似:go to sleep入睡,睡着(表状态),与wake up 相对。go to bed 去睡觉(强调动作),与get up 相对。in the middle of 在…中间look out of 朝…外面看去there was nothing to see 什么也看不到/见make breakfast 做早饭/餐in a tree 在树枝当中on a tree 长在树上later that day 那天晚些时候by a stream 在小溪边smell food from a distance 离很远就能闻到食物pick up the rubbish 捡起垃圾keep a clean camp site 保持野营地点整洁tidy up 收拾干净move on继续前进make lots of noise 制造许多噪音come closer 走得更近make a gesture 做个手势above all 首要的是, 尤其是in the forest在森林里try to do sth. 试图做某事at midday 在正午go for a walk 去散步see sb. do sth. 看见某人做了某事(强调做某事的过程)see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事(强调动作正在进行、发生)reach out 伸手去摸turn one’s head 转头,回头run past me into the woods 从我身边跑过,进了树林stay in the same position呆在原地不动on the hillside 在山坡上run back to 跑回到…move on 继续the blood goes cold 血变冷了(形容极度害怕)try to do 努力去做manage to do设法完成,设法做到remember to do 记得去做remember doing记得做过Unit 3a bottle of 一瓶go mountains climbing 去攀岩be careful of sth./sb. 当心某事/某人,注意某事/某人,对某事/某人仔细at least 至少stay out 呆在外面sign in (使)签到,(使)登记light fires 点火at all times始终,经常,不论什么时候plenty of许多的,大量的throw... into... 把……扔到……里make a huge effort to do sth. 尽努力去做某事with his drawing in hand 手里拿着画with a book in his hand 手里拿着书wake up to认识到,意识到to save water is to save our lives. 节约用/爱惜水就是爱惜我们的生命in the fifth grade. 在五年级be involved in sth./doing sth.参与,介入,被卷入pass on把……传给别人,传递keep the light on 使灯亮着in order to为了at the same time 同时be known as 作为---而知名Revision Module Bthe best way of doing sth. 做某事的方法on the other side of在……另一边be afraid of sth./doing sth. 害怕(做)某事be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事be ready for为...做好准备make sure弄明白,查明白, 务必确定,put away处理掉,吃,把...收好,拿开,排斥draw up拟定,起草,拉起,画出climb onto爬上by the time到...的时候be excited about对...感到兴奋again and again反复,再三句子(Sentences):1. I’m starving! 我都快饿死了!2. Is that clear? 清楚了么?3. I think that’s all. 我想差不多就这些了。4. Before we can enjoy ourselves on the Great Wall, there are a few rules and suggestions.5. You mustn’t walk along the edge because you might fall and hurt yourself.6. I think we should start walking…7. You have to think about personal safety!语法(Grammar):情态动词Module 6 Look after yourself短语(Phrases):Unit 1have an accident 出事故have a fever 发烧have a pain in the chest 胸口疼have a ache in his head 头痛be wounded in the arm 手臂受伤wait for等候,等待catch up ( with ) 赶上catch the bus 赶公共汽车catch sb by the arm 抓住某人的手臂be missing 不见look for寻找trip/fall over 绊倒,摔倒, 倒下,翻倒(从...掉下来,落在...之外)show sb sth 出示某物给某人call for help 求助had better (not ) do sth (别)做get a wound 受伤get a fever 发烧nothing serious 不严重have difficulty in doing sth. 做什么事有困难Unit 2thanks to / because of 由于,因为thank sb for doing 感谢某人做某事live a happy life 过幸福生活expect to do sth 期望做某事It is thought that ---人们认为in the 19th century在19世纪in the future 将来,在将来in future今后,从今以后sb’s hundredth birthday 某人百岁生日the oncoming traffic 迎面而来的车辆too---to ---太---而不能be sure about 确信be sure of sth / doing sth 主语相信能做be sure to do 相信主语能做---go up 上升come down 下沉a couch potato 爱看电视的人keep/stay/get fit/healthy 保持健康require sb to do / that ---要求做require doing sth=sth. require to be done 要求(被)做the amount of+不可数名词 ……的总量a large amount of +不可数n.:大量的a number of +可数n. 许多the number of+可数名词 ……的总量watch your diet 注意饮食see sth as 把---看作now and then 偶尔,有时put on weight 增加体重rest up 休息,休养not ---, but ---不是---而是say no to sb./ sth 拒绝take drugs吸毒have an effect on sb / sth 对---有影响类似:bring into effect 实行 come into effect 开始生效 take effect 奏效 in effect 实际上Unit 3from side to side 从一边到另一边get an electric shock 被电击pull sb. away 把某人推开in pain 痛苦地dance to music 伴随音乐跳舞at least 至少take a sudden interest in 对---突然感兴趣the past couple of months 过去的两个月take up 开始养成----的习惯be glad about 对……很高兴be bad for 对……有害can’t stop/help doing 情不自禁做某事look up 查阅find out 发现die from 死于创伤、过度疲劳、饮食过度等类似:die of 死于疾病、饥饿、寒冷等,die away 逐渐消失,die out 完全灭绝the smell of ----的气味/味道in other words 换句话说as a result 结果breathe in 吸入,吸进give in 屈服,让步,give up 放弃help sb with sth 在某方面帮助某人set up创立,建立句子(Sentences):1.—How do you feel? ---I feel a bit cold.2. We had better get you to hospital.3. He’s got a wound in his leg.4. It’s nothing serious.5. Thanks to improvements in both health care and personal safety…6. …do you get the same amount of exercise today as they did in the past?7. Say no… to smoking and drugs!8. As a result, we can get diseases as well.语法(Grammar):英语中常见的八种时态的概念和用法Module 7 Eating together短语(Phrases):Unit 1hold school leavers’ party 举行毕业典礼类似:catch hold of 抓住 take/get hold of 握/抓住 hold…back 阻止…… hold up 举起hold one’s breath屏住呼吸 hold a meeting 举行会议 hold on (打电话时)不挂断,等—会a traditional dish/course 一道传统菜finger food 手拿/抓食品in fact 事实上,实际上be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事heat up 加热be made with 用……制作的be mad by sb. 由某人做的no good to sb. 对某人没有用no good for doing sth. 不适用bread roll 面包圈Unit 2do as按照……做in the west 在西方at the start of 在……开始的时候Chinese food中餐help yourself 请自便the edge of ……的边缘not…any more 不再be over 结束类似:all over 遍及…… over there 在那边 think over 考虑 come over 过来as soon as 一……就……golden rule 指导原则,金科玉律,为人准则Unit 3turn off 关掉/闭the sense of taste 味觉a bowl of 一碗pick up 拾/捡起along with与...一道(又), 连同...一起, 随同...一起, 沿[顺]着in future今后,从今以后be filled with充满类似:get up 起床 stand up 起立 look up (在词典等中)查找, 向上看be worried about担心/担忧...take time 花费(时间),不急不忙,从容进行,in the middle of 在……中间at the end of在...末端(到...尽头)birthday party 生日聚会dress up 乔装打扮句子(Sentences):1. And everyone has been told to prepare a traditional dish from our own countries.2. I suppose it can be heated up in the school kitchen, but it should be cooked at home.3. It’s made with chicken or pork and vegetables.4. I see what you mean.5. There’s a saying, “When in Rome, do as the Romans do”.6. At the start of a meal, if you are the guest, you’ll be invited to serve yourself, or your plate will be filled by your host.7. It isn’t thought to be so important to offer too much food.8. …it’s thought quite rude if you leave as soon as you finish eating.语法(Grammar):被动语态Module 8 On the farm短语(Phrases):Unit 1be pleased to do sth. 乐于干……play the role of 扮演……的角色at the end 在末尾decide to do 决定去做kill oneself 自杀a pair of一双,一对take one’s life 结束某人的生命in the front of 在……的前部(内部)in front of 在……的前部(外部)try to do sth. 设法做某事Unit 2entertainment capital娱乐之都plenty of 充足的,丰富的the latest movies 最新电影come from 来自such as 例如one of… ……之一be well-known for 因为……而闻名/类似:be well-known as 作为……而闻名/be well-known in 在……而闻名/be known to ……所熟知的all types of各种各样的not... but... 不是……而是……remember to do sth. 记得要去做某事remember doing sth. 记得曾经做过某事类似:forget to do sth. 忘记要去做某事forget doing sth. 忘记曾经做过某事in the open air 在户外,在露天a huge number of 许多的,很多的,大量的Unit 3suggest doing sth. 建议做某事suggest + that 从句 建议……by boat 乘船in the 18th century 在十八世纪become famous for 因为……而闻名/be proud of 以/因……而骄傲,感到自豪,感到满足take pride in以...自豪,对……感到自豪,为……感到骄傲name after 以……命名above all 首先,尤其是,特别是,最重要的是句子(Sentences):1….I was pleased to see it, but three hours is a long time to stay still.2. it was hard to see the play at the back.3. The best place to sit is in the front row.4. Daming and Lingling found their accents really difficult to understand.5. The best way is to read the play before you see it.6. To watch baseball, go to Yankee Stadium, home of the New York Yankees or Shea Stadium for the Mets.7. If you ever come to New York in summer, remember to spend a day in Central Park watching a play by Shakespeare in the open air…8. In fact, it’s easy to see why they call it “the city that never sleeps”.语法(Grammar):不定式的用法Module 9 English for your and me短语(Phrases):Unit 1be proud of 以/因……而骄傲,感到自豪,感到满足a lot许多(很多), 很,非常above all首先,尤其是,特别是,最重要的是be good at 擅长于……,精通于……make progress 取得进步have been to曾经到过某个地方have gone to 到某个地方去了an English corner 一个英语角fairly low 相当低no matter how 无论如何Unit 2be used for ……被用于……类似:be used to do sth. 被用来做谋事 be used as 被用来当作be used by 被……使用used to do sth. 过去常常做谋事be/get used to doing sth. 习惯于做谋事everyday use 日常应用be essential for对...必不可少的international business 国际贸易a quarter of 四分之一in the 20th century 在二十世纪what’s more 更重要的是,况且,更何况industrial products 工业产品all over the world 全世界in recent years 在近几年borrow…from… 向……借……(借进)lend… to… 借……给……(借出)the importance of ……的重要性as common as 和……一样普通more and more越来越多in place of 代替新课 标 第一 网类似:in place 在适当的地方 out of place 不适当 take place 发生take the place of 代替,替代at least 至少even though/if 虽然,即使,纵然belong to 属于Unit 3connect with和……有关each other 互相,彼此all the time 一直,始终make a great effort to do sth. 努力做某事show interest in 对……产生兴趣make good progress取得进步communicate with 与……交流at work在工作in one’s free time 在某人的空闲时间not at all根本不, 一点也不be unlikely to 不可能after all 毕竟,终究

相关阅读
最新文章
初三九年级上学期英语知识点

初三九年级上学期英语知识点

【导语】高效的学习,要学会给自己定定目标(大、小、长、短),这样学习会有一个方向;然后要学会梳理自身学习情况,以 ...

高才考讯网 Copyright@ 2016-2019 www.gckx.com
本站资料均来源互联网收集整理,作品版权归作者所有,如果侵犯了您的版权,请跟我们联系。联系邮箱:
网站备案号 : 粤ICP备17024501号-2 鄂公网安备 888888-000000号

关注微信