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初3下册英语知识点

时间:2019-12-01

二、短语:

  1.by making flashcards 通过做单词抽认卡

  2. ask…for help 向某人求助

  3.read aloud 朗读

  4.that way (=in that way) 通过那种方式

  5.improve my speaking skills 提高我的会话技巧

  6.for example (=for instance)例如

  7.have fun 玩得高兴

  8.have conversations with friends 与朋友对话

  9.get excited 高兴,激动

  10.end up speaking in Chinese 以说汉语结束对话

  11.do a survey about… 做有关…的调查

  12.keep an English notebook 记英语笔记

  13.spoken English (= oral English) 英语口语

  14.make mistakes 犯错误

  15.get the pronunciation right 使发音准确

  16.practise speaking English 练习说英语

  17.first of all 首先

  18.begin with 以…开始

  19.later on随后

  20.in class在课堂上

  21.laught at 嘲笑

  22.take notes 记笔记

  23.enjoy doing 喜欢干…

  24.write down 写下,记下

  25.look up (v + adv) 查找,查询

  26.native speakers 说本族话的人

  27.make up 编造,虚构,化妆,打扮

  28.around the world 全世界

  29.deal with 对待,处理,解决

  30.worry about (be worried about) 担心,担忧

  31.be angry with 生某人的气

  32.stay angry 生气

  33.go by 消逝

  34. regard…as… 把…当做…

  35.complain about/of 抱怨

  36. change…into… 把…变成… (= turn into)

  37.with the help of 在…的帮助下

  38. compare…to (with)… 把…和…作比较

  39.think of (think about) 想起,想到

  40.physical problems身体上的问题

  41.break off 中断,突然终止

  42. not…at all 根本不,全然不

  三、句子

  1.How do you study for a test? 你怎样为考试做准备?

  2.I have learned a lot that way. 用那种方法,我已经学到了很多东西。

  3.It’s too hard to understand the voice. 听懂那些声音太难了。

  4.Memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little.

  记流行歌曲的词也起作用。

  5. Wei Ming feels differently. 卫明有不同的感受。

  6.He finds watching movies frustrating. 他觉得看电影让人感到沮丧.

  7.She added that having conversations with friends was not helpful at all.

  她又说和朋友对话根本没用。

  8.I don’t have a partner to practice English with.

  我没有搭档一起练习英语。

  9.Later on, I realized that it doesn’t matter if you don’t understand every word.随后,我认识到听不懂每个词并没有关系。

  10.It’s amazing how much this helped. 我惊异于这些方法竟如此有用。

  11.My teacher is very impressed. 给老师留下了深刻的印象。

  12.She had trouble making complete sentences. 她很难造出完整的句子。

  13.What do you think you are doing? 你在做什么?

  14.Most people speak English as a second language.

  英语对于大多数人来说是第二语言。

  15.How do we deal with our problem? 我们怎样处理我们的问题?

  16.It is our duty to try our best to deal with each challenge in our education with the help of our teachers. 在老师的帮助下尽我们的努力来应对挑战是我们的责任。

  He can’t walk or even speak.他无法走路,甚至无法说话

  Unit 2

  一、知识点

  1. used to 过去常常做某事,暗指现在已经不存在的动作或状态. 后跟动词原形. used to do sth.

  There used to be ….(反意疑问句)didn’t there?

  否定形式为: didn’t use to 或 usedn’t to

  疑问形式为: Did…use to…? 或 Used…to…?

  be/get used to doing sth.习惯于, to 为介词.

  2. wear 表示状态. =be in +颜色的词

  put on 表示动作.

  dress + 人 给某人穿衣服.dress sb. / oneself

  have on表示状态(不用于进行时态)

  3. on the swim team on 是…的成员,在…供职

  4. Don’t you remember me? 否定疑问句.(考点)

  Yes, I do. 不, 我记得. No, I don’t 是的, 我不记得了.

  5. 反意疑问句:

  ① 陈述部分的主语为 this, that, 疑问部分主语用it; 陈述部分主语用 these, those, 疑问部分用they 做主语.

  例: This is a new story, isn’t it?

  Those are your parents, aren’t they?

  ② 陈述部分是 there be 结构, 疑问部分仍用 there

  例: There was a man named Paul, wasn’t there?

  ③ I am 后的疑问句, 用aren’t I

  例: I am in Class 2, aren’t I?

  ④ 陈述部分与含有 not, no, never, few, little, hardly, seldom, neither, none 等词时,疑问部分用肯定.

  例: Few people liked this movie, didn’t they?

  但陈述句中若带有否定前缀或后缀的单词时, 这个句子仍视为肯定, 后面仍用否定.

  例: Your sister is unhappy, isn’t she?

  ⑤ 陈述部分的主语若为不定式或 V-ing 短语, 疑问部分主语用it.

  例: To spend so much money on clothes is unnecessary, isn’t it?

  ⑥ 陈述句中主语是 nobody, no one, everyone, everybody 等指人的不定代词时,疑问部分用they做主语; 若陈述部分主语是 something, anything, noting, everything 等指事物的不定代词时, 疑问部分用it 做主语.

  例: Nobody says one word about the accident, do they?

  Everything seems perfect, doesn’t it?

  ⑦ 当主语是第一人称I时, 若谓动为think, believe, guess 等词时, 且其后跟宾丛,这时疑问句部分的人称, 时态要与宾语从句保持一致, 同时还要考虑否定转移.

  例: I don’t think he can finish the work in time, can he?

  ⑧ 前面是祈使句, 后用 will you? (let’s 开头时, 后用shall we?)

  6. be terrified of 害怕的程度比 be afraid of 深.

  7. miss: ① 思念, 想念 例: I really miss the old days.

  ② 错过, 未中, 未赶上, 未找到.

  例: It’s a pity that you miss the bus.

  The boy shot at the goal, but missed.

  8. no more (用在句中)=not…any more (用在句尾) 指次数;

  no longer (用在句中)=not…any longer (用在句尾) 指时间.

  9. right: ① adj. 正确的, 右边的② n. 右方, 权利③ adv. 直接地.

  10. It seems that Yu Mei has changed a lot. = Yu Mei seems to have changed a lot.

  11. afford + n. /pron. afford + to do 常与can, be able to 连用.

  例: Can you afford a new car?

  The film couldn’t afford to pay such large salaries.

  12. as well as 连词, 不但…而且… 强调前者. (若引导主语, 谓动与前者在人称和数上一致

  例: Living things need air and light as well as water.

  生命不仅需要水, 还需要空气和阳光.

  I as well as they am ready to help you.

  不仅是他们, 我也愿意帮助你.

  13. alone = by oneself 独自一人. lonely 孤独的, 寂寞的.

  14. in the last/past + 一段时间

  during the last/past + 一段时间 与现在完成时连用.

  15. die (v.) dead (adj.) death (n.) dying (垂死的)

  16. play the piano 弹钢琴

  17. ①be/ become interested in sth. 对…感兴趣

  ②be interested in doing sth. 对做…感兴趣

  ③show great interest in 在……方面产生极大的兴趣

  ④a place of interest 一处名胜 some places of interest

  如:He is interested in math, but he isn’t interested in speaking

  English. 他对数学感兴趣,但是他对说英语不感兴趣。

  ⑤ interested adj. 感兴趣的,指人对某事物感兴趣,往往主语是人

  ⑥ interesting adj.有趣的,指某事物/某人具有趣味,主语往往是物

  ⑦ an interesting book / man

  18. 害怕… be terrified of sth. 如:I am terrified of the dog.

  be terrified of doing sth. 如:I am terrified of speaking.

  19. on 副词,表示(电灯、电视、机械等)在运转中/打开,

  其反义词off.  with the light on 灯开着

  20. walk to somewhere 步行到某处 walk to school 步行到学校

  21.spend 动词,表示“花费金钱、时间”

  ①spend…on sth. 在某事上花费(金钱、时间)

  ②spend…doing sth. 花费(金钱、时间)去做某事 如:

  He spends too much time on clothes. 他花费太多的时间在衣着

  He spend 3 months building the bridge.他花费了三个月去建这座桥。

  pay for 花费

  如:I pay 10 yuan for the book. 我花了10元买这本书。

  take动词 有“花费”的意思 常用的结构有:

  It take(s) sb. … to do sth. 如:It takes me a day to read the book.

  22. chat with sb. 与某人闲聊 如:I like to chat with him.

  我喜欢和他聊天。

  23. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/某事 worry 是动词

  be worried about sb./sth. 担心某人/某事 worried 是形容词

  如:Don’t worry about him. 不用担心他。

  Mother is worried about her son. 妈妈担心他的儿子。

  24. all the time 一直、始终

  25. take sb. to + 地方 送/带某人去某个地方 如:

  A person took him to the hospital. 一个人把他送到了医院。

  Lui took me home. 刘把我送回了家。(home 的前面不能用to)

  26. hardly adv. 几乎不、没有 hard 困难的;猛烈地

  hardly ever 很少

  hardly 修饰动词时,通常放在助动词、情态动词之后,实义

  动词之前 助动词/情态动词+hardly

  hardly + 实义动词  如:

  I can hardly understand them. 我几乎不能够明白他们。

  I hardly have time to do it. 我几乎没有时间去做了。

  It rains hard outside, I could hardly go out.

  27. in the last few years. 在过去的几年内 常与完成时连用 如:

  I have lived in China in the last few years. 在过去的几年内我在中国住。

  28. be different from 与…不同

  29. how to swim 怎样游泳

  不定式与疑问词连用:动词不定式可以和what, which, how, where, when 等引导的疑问句连用,构成不定工短语。如:

  The question is when to start. 问题是什么时候开始。

  I don’t know where to go. 我不知道去哪。

  30. make sb./ sth. + 形容词  make you happy

  make sb./ sth. + 动词原形 make him laugh

  31. move to +地方 搬到某地 如:I moved to Beijing last year.

  32.It seems that +从句 看起来好像…… 如:

  It seems that he has changed a lot. 看起来他好像变了许多。

  33. help sb. with sth. 帮某人某事

  help sb. (to ) do sth. 帮某人做某事

  She helped me with English. 她帮助我学英语。

  She helped me (to) study English。 她帮助我学习英语。

  34. fifteen-year-old 作形容词 15岁的

  fifteen-year-olds 作名词指15岁的人

  fifteen years old 指年龄 15岁 如:

  a fifteen-year-old boy 一个15岁的男孩

  Fifteen-year-olds like to sing. 15岁的人喜欢唱歌。

  I am fifteen years old . 我是15岁。

  35.支付不起…  can’t /couldn’t afford to do sth.

  can’t / couldn’t afford sth.

  如:I can’t/couldn’t afford to buy the car.

  I can’t/couldn’t afford the car. 我买不起这个辆小车。

  36. as + 形容词./副词+as sb. could/can 尽某人的…能力 如:

  Zhou run as fast as her could/can. 她尽她最快的能力去跑。

  37. get into trouble with 遇到麻烦

  38. in the end 最后

  39. make a decision 下决定 下决心

  40. to one’s surprise 令某人惊讶 如:

  to their surprise 令他们惊讶 to LiLei’s surprise令李雷惊讶

  41. take pride in sth. 以…而自豪 如:

  His father always take pride in him. 他的爸爸总是以他而自豪

  42. pay attention to sth. 对…注意,留心 如:

  You must pay attention to your friend. 你应该多注意你的朋友。

  43. be able to do sth. 能做某事 如:

  She is able to do it. 她能够做到。

  44. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 如:

  My father has given up smoking. 我爸爸已经放弃吸烟了。

  复合句与简单句的转化:

  ① when ------ at the age of …

  ② so…that…----- too… to…. / enough to …

  ③ so that…------ in order to do sth.

  ④ because…----- because of…

  ⑤ if ….----- without / with…

  ⑥ if…----- 祈使句+ and / or + 简单句

  ⑦ 宾语从句----特殊疑问词+动词不定式

  ⑧ be afraid

  be sure that +从句---- 动词不定式

  be sorry

  ⑨ It seems / seemed that sb….------ sb. seems / seemed to do sth.

  ⑩ Sb. hopes / hoped that ….-------sb. hopes / hoped to do sth.

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